The following are definitions of some of the terms used in speech-language pathology.
Accent modification: Changing a person's accent or speech pronunciation through speech therapy.
Apraxia: Synonymous with dyspraxia. Childhood apraxia of speech is a disorder of the nervous system that affects the ability to sequence and say sounds, syllables, and words. It is not due to muscular weakness or paralysis. The problem is in the brain's planning to move the body parts needed for speech (e.g., lips, jaw, tongue). The child knows what he or she wants to say, but the brain is not sending the correct instructions to move the body parts of speech the way they need to be moved. Taken from asha.org
Articulation delay or disorder: Incorrect production of speech sounds for a person's age.
Auditory Processing Disorder: Impaired ability to attend, discriminate, recognize, or comprehend auditory information even though hearing and intelligence are within normal limits.
Dysarthria: Neuromuscular weakness of the oral musculature (jaw, cheeks, lips, tongue), or larynx. Dysarthria may manifest itself in an articulation, resonance or prosody (rhythm or speech) problem.
Dysphagia: The inability to swallow correctly.
Dyspraxia: See apraxia
Expressive language delay or disorder: Difficulty producing language at expected age levels.
Receptive language delay or disorder: Difficulty comprehending language at expected age levels.
Oral Motor Therapy: Muscle-based approach to speech therapy that treats muscle weakness and instability of the jaw, lips and tongue, which may be underlying a speech disorder.
Phonological delay or disorder: Difficulty organizing the sounds of the language which may affect speech clarity, reading and spelling skills.
Pragmatics: The area of language that relates to the use of language in a social context. For example, the knowledge and ability to take turns in conversation and the ability to regulate the use of eye contact appropriately during social exchanges.
Semantics: The area of language that involves meaning. Individuals with semantic difficulties have trouble understanding language meanings.
Stuttering: A disruption in the fluency of speech. Stuttering may be in the form of sound prolongations, sound, syllable, word or phrase repetitions or blocks, which are periods of silence, during which sounds appear to be stuck or blocked.
Word Retrieval: The ability to recall words upon command A person with a language delay or disorder may have difficulty recalling words at particular times even though they know the word.
SPEECH AND LANGUAGE CHECKLIST
If you have concerns about your child's development, contact us to determine if a speech and language evaluation is indicated. Early identification and treatment of speech, language and hearing disorders can prevent certain academic, behavioral, and social problems.
Hearing and Understanding
American Speech Language Hearing
Autism Society of America
Development Intervention for ASD
Center for the study
Children and Adults with Attention
Deficit Disorder (CHADD)
International Dyslexia Association
Learning Disabilities Association of
National Aphasia Association
National Coalition on Auditory
National Stuttering Association
The Prompt Institute
The Selective Mutism Foundation
Selective Mutism Group-Child Anxiety
Stuttering Foundation of America